Our designers are waiting to know our ideas, your needs and your home living together in order to create your ideal home.
During the design will be evaluated all the conditions needed to achieve the best quality of your home, the optimum exposure of the rooms to the choice of finishing materials.
The panel (read: “cross-lam”, where “X” is the orthogonal arrangement of the wooden elements that make up the panel) or CLT (Cross Laminated Timber) is a laminated panel of cross-laminated solid wood with which it is You can create walls, floors and roofs, or the backbone of a building.
Born in the German area in the 90’s and quickly spread to the rest of Europe (now the market is reaching even nations outside Europe) this construction technique is based on using panels of laminated solid wood that are produced with a thickness from 57 to 297 MMDI approximate maximum dimensions of up to 3.5 meters wide and 13.5 meters in length obtained by gluing crossed layers of solid wooden boards of the mean 3 cm thick, with various stratifications.
The XLAM panel is formed by slats that are analogous to those used for the manufacture of glued laminated timber, which, however, instead of being glued one above the other to form linear bearing elements (beams, arches, portals), are arranged in layers cross as in plywood.
In Italy and in Europe, the wood species used mainly for the tables of XLAM panels spruce, a conifer that forms extensive forests in the Alps, and more generally in Central and Northern Europe, with excellent mechanical properties for a structural use.
In the production of XLAM panels is used exclusively wood from forests effectively provide for sustainable management certificate (PEFC, FSC or equivalent) and as far as possible favoring the use of wood from local sources.
The XLAM panels are pre-formed and shaped ready to be quickly assembled on site. E ‘can reach sizes of up to 13.5 m x 3.5 m and thicknesses from 57 mm to 297mm.
From the point of view of the construction system, the XLAM panel has led to enormously increase the potential of wood construction, revolutionizing the way we think the bearing surfaces compared to the wooden framed or trellis systems (such as the American System Platform frame) where the walls and floors are made from the union of a frame composed of linear elements, beams with a thin panel and the structural jacket. In fact, linear and unidirectional element, which is the element of wood, we have moved to a new groundbreaking material to effectively both structurally as plate (floor) is like plate (walls) and as beam-wall (shelves) that it can be stressed statically in different directions.
The new basic element for the timber construction and the panel is then no longer the type of beam element: it is possible to think for load-bearing surfaces that may already be “cropped”, depending on the architectural requirements, complete with openings for doors, windows and stairwells, counting on a high degree of prefabrication. A box-level, a construction in XLAM panels then behaves as a monolithic three-dimensional structure, characterized by the continuity of the material and the distribution of the mechanical stresses in an almost uniform on all the available material. By virtue of the properties just seen, the XLAM panel allows you to design and create spaces and architectures more freely, releasing itself from the traditional limits of the framed construction or trunks that have failed, especially in Europe, to become an alternative to building civil based on the clay and on the reinforced concrete. The buildings in XLAM panel are designed and manufactured to meet the high-level performance requirements, well defined and with very high quality standards.
The movement involves the use of single-use straps which are arranged to apply the holes of a diameter of 40 mm on the panel. In this case the closure of the holes can be made through appropriate plugs. If you do not wish through holes, you can use appropriate anchored lifting fixed on the thickness of the panel with screws.
The loading of panels can take place both vertically and horizontally. In both cases, the entry in the pipeline as well as the public road to the construction site of connection, must be suitable for heavy vehicles. Once in the yard dee material to be stored and preserved in covered environments, not exposed to atmospheric precipitation and protected from light (UV). The ambient temperature should be between -10 ° and + 40 °, with 60-70% humidity.
The laying of walls and floors XLAM is very simple and fast, as well as the fastening that is to be achieved with proper hardware certified the choice of which must take place on the basis of the static requirements.
Since the XLAM replaces the sun bearing structures, the remaining part of the site is managed in a similar way to the construction of reinforced concrete. Normally the construction of the building in XLAM begins with the realization of a stand made from stalls or by reversed beams to which a lower current is connected in larch or a bead in a.c. Between the concrete and the wood is placed a bituminous sheath that insulates the wood from contact with water. The connections and the connections between the various panels (vertical-floor panel; vertical-vertical panel, horizontal-horizontal panel) are through suitable angular steel plates, passers plates, screws and nails.
The joints between the panels can be of three types:
-Junction Head to Head
-Unction With LVL: the milling is carried out for the housing of the tablet in LVL that runs parallel to the fiber direction of the outer layers convenient panel
-Junction Half wood: typically the downward extends to a depth equal to half the thickness of the panel and to a width of 60mm.
To ensure air-tightness between the cracks it is recommended to use wall cover compressible tapes, foam sealants, adhesive tapes or rubber gaskets according to the instructions provided by the manufacturers of application.
When our designers and technicians will have shared all your choices and requests will sit with them and enjoy your home in “Real time Render”, you walk through your virtual garden looking at her from all sides as you want. You can come and see every room, living with emotion every square meter of your home.
Well the work of our designers is finished! Now you will have certain costs and delivery time assured, and finally after a few months you will live your new space.